Via Teatro Greco - Tindari Patti
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Tyndaris was one of the last Greek colonies in Sicily.
Its foundation dates back to 396 BC by the will of the tyrant of Syracuse, Dionysius the Elder.
It was named in honor of the young heroes Castor and Pollux, the Dioscuri.
The excavations reveal the regular plan of the city ordered straight roads, the farthings and hinges dividing the various blocks, the so-called islets, in which the houses were located.
Of Greek origin, perhaps built at the end of the fourth century BC was extensively remodeled by the Romans in the imperial era, in order to create a circular arena for fightings with fairs and gladiators
Also known as the Gymnasium, was intended as a place of worship or more likely a hall for public meetings. Built on three floors, perhaps dating back to the end of the first century BC was shaped gallery is accessible only at the two ends, which could be closed at rallies or meetings of the court. The basilica was lined on both sides by two roads that converged in the agora. The decline of Tyndaris is perhaps to be related to an earthquake or a landslide in the first century BC, according to Pliny the Elder, precipitated part of the city to the sea.
Shrine of the Black Madonna
Her sanctuary is situated on the highest point of the hill, perhaps the remains of the acropolis of the ancient city, in 1544 it was sacked by the pirate Barbarossa Algerian Ariadeno. The new sanctuary of Our Lady of Tindari belongs to the second half of the twentieth century and was completed in 1979. It is an impressive building with a Latin cross transept, apse and dome set on a high drum crossing of the arms.
The lakes of Marinello
A virtual walk in the lagoon of Marinello you can achieve it through the book "Journey Nature". A corner of Sicily : Laguna Marinello, Oliveri Castle, Castle Scale Patti " written by Simone Ermelinda . The lagoon of Marinello, in the province of Messina, lies at the foot of the promontory of Tindari, on the Tyrrhenian coast of north-eastern Sicily , in the center del'ampio Gulf of Patti , bounded by the headlands of the head Calava and Milazzo . The lagoon of Marinello consists of a unique ecosystem , which co-exist in various types of habitat. It is in fact passes by rocky areas that overlook the lagoon very large and fortunately not affected by human activities that is man-made , the brackish lake environments and, to a prairie steppe, consisting mainly of grasses such as the Poodle Mediterranean then leaves the place to Pennisetum in the east end of the lagoon, up to the marine and coastal sands continuously shaped by the wind and storm surges . In the area there are endemic and rare plants at risk of extinction , also in such a small environment coexist plants physiologically and morphologically different from each other . There is a close link between the plants and the history, mythology , art and literature. The plants were used in ancient times for therapeutic feeding and also as fundamental ingredients of magic potions , in fact , the boundary between alchemy and witchcraft was very thin . Therefore, the plants were an integral part of human life. Each plant has a long and rich story to tell, as if in a sense represent something beyond their very essence. A rare and endemic plant is the consequence of cornflower (Centaurea seguenzae , Lacaita - Brullo) . It is a typical plant rupicola , that is suitable to live in environments with scarce land and thrust conditions dryness , to avoid losing water through transpiration , has small leaves and covered with hairs. And protected species in danger of extinction is also the carnation of the rocks (Dianthus rupicola) . Glancing at the foot of the cliffs, you can see the acanthus mollis , in the fifth century BC Callimachus , known Athenian sculptor and painter , he carved the leaves and the stem in the capitals of the columns , thus creating the Corinthian style. Continuing to walk around the lakes are found various plants including the agno chaste tree , whose flowers in blue enliven the environment. In the Middle Ages it was cultivated by the monks in their garden, the dried fruit was used as anaphrodisiac to live up to their vow of chastity and was also called the monks pepper . If then we just want to take a bath , we must be careful where lay our beach towel because we stumbled nell'eringio of St. Peter, a very thorny plant with small flowers but flashy . Like all plants typical of sandy coasts leaves a light color to reflect as much as possible the sunlight and a well developed root system . In Britain, the Elizabethan era , the roots were candied and sold as sweets called eringoes . Were thought to be aphrodisiacs, and in this sense are mentioned in the " Merry Wives of Windsor " by Shakespeare . A peculiarity of the clover concrete (bituminous Bituminaria, L.- Stirt) is that if the leaves are crushed give off a strong odor similar to tar , which can be perceived only by touching the stem. In describing the plants and their history , in addition to ornamental plants of the gardens of the castle of Oliveri and those of the park of the castle of La Scala di Patti, Ermelinda Simone is a river in flood, at this point it is better to transform the virtual walk in reality, and discover that the weed we tread has a name and a long history . The natural heritage, comes from nature , from Gaia, the mother goddess of Olympus and it's up to us men keep, preserve and share.This nature tour aims to raise awareness and civilize each of the contemplation of nature and respect it, giving a scientific and historical narrative of the plants making them lives in time and space.
Taken from Cronache Parlamentari Siciliane
Di Clara Salpietro